Asplenectomy is a procedure used to treat a variety of conditions in dogs. But before choosing this method of treatment, it can benefit pet owners to know more information about the surgery. West Park Animal Hospital is a compassionate, caring veterinary facility that aims to help pet owners achieve high-quality and cost-effective veterinary services. We serve those located around West Park, North Olmsted, Berea, Rocky River, Lakewood, Fairview Park, Cleveland, and the surrounding areas. Learn more about the procedure, reasons for splenectomy in dogs, and what to expect.
About the Splenectomy Procedure
The spleen is in charge of eliminating aged red blood cells. It also assists the body with protecting against infections and preventing illnesses. In dogs, the spleen can be found in the abdomen underneath the rib cage. Sometimes, issues can arise in the spleen, like infections, tumors, and other conditions. Without treatment, these issues can worsen and eventually become life-threatening to your dog.
While some dogs present no signs of discomfort, others may experience unusual symptoms, such as:
- Rapid heart rate
- Pale gums
- Sudden collapse
- Decreased appetite
- Swollen abdomen
A splenectomy is a procedure that involves completely removing the spleen. In some cases, problems with the spleen may be fixed through other treatment methods. But for more serious conditions, splenectomy surgery may be the best option. Dogs can still have a good quality of life even after spleen removal surgery. Although the spleen is an important part of everyday bodily functions, other organs can take over its roles after it’s been removed.
Reasons for a Splenectomy Procedure
There are a variety of conditions that a dog splenectomy can work to treat, including:
An enlarged spleen (also called splenomegaly) is a condition that causes the spleen to become inflamed and grow larger. It can be brought on by the development of certain injuries, infections, tumors, or inflammation. Enlarged spleens can be threatening to dogs. This is because they are in danger of rupture, which can have detrimental consequences on the health of your pet. Having it removed can decrease the chances of rupture and improve your dog’s quality of life.
A splenic tumor is a growth that can be found on the spleen. They can arise in pets for a variety of reasons. Splenic tumors can be either cancerous or noncancerous. Regardless, having a tumor removed from the spleen is essential to your dog’s health. This is because most splenic tumors have a sufficient blood supply, allowing them to swell and become larger. As the tumor grows, this can boost the likelihood that the tumor ruptures. A splenectomy can be an ideal solution for treating splenic tumors.
Accident or Trauma
Serious injury to the spleen occurs when it is hit by a powerful force, like in the case of a serious accident or other traumatic event. This means if your dog is involved in certain severe circumstances, it may need critical care for a spleen injury. To avoid further injury and other detrimental conditions, a splenectomy may be required.
What to Expect
Splenectomy procedures are completed while the dog is under anesthesia. The veterinarian shaves fur from an area of the abdomen to prep and scrub it for surgery. The procedure is completed through an abdominal incision, where the spleen is surgically removed. Once the affected parts are out of the body, vets suture three layers of tissue to close the incision.
Recovery from surgery can take more than a month, as this gives the body time to recover and the wound to heal. Pet owners are given medications and sometimes antibiotics. Veterinarians also suggest different methods for keeping dogs away from their sutures, like collar cones. Dogs should refrain from exercise for 2 weeks to allow efficient healing.
Seek Care at West Park Animal Hospital
When it comes to caring for your pets, West Park Animal Hospital understands how important it is to receive the right treatment. Our team offers a variety of solutions to give your dog relief from debilitating symptoms. Located in Cleveland, Ohio, we are here for pet owners across West Park, North Olmsted, Berea, Rocky River, Lakewood, Fairview Park, and the surrounding areas. To learn more about splenectomy in dogs and other treatments we provide, contact us today.
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